Orientations - Parc national de la Gaspésie - National Parks - Sépaq

Parc national de la Gaspésie

Delayed opening in some day fishing sectors Details

Orientations

Conservation Issues at Parc national de la Gaspésie

A national park is created to protect a region’s representative or unique natural environments and landscapes. These areas must also be highlighted through the interpretation of natural and cultural heritage and extensive outdoor activities. Conservation issues arise from the search for balance between the protection and accessibility of these protected areas.

At Parc national de la Gaspésie, these specific issues are mainly focused on caribou and their habitat. To reduce the disturbance, predation, habitat loss and the fragmentation of the caribou habitat, several actions are being taken:

  • Access to certain mountains is modulated based on breeding, gestation and farrowing periods, and on the caribou’s principal daily activities.
  • Recovery plan for Gaspésie caribou (2002-2012).
  • Predator control program for the Gaspésie caribou,
  • Awareness program on Gaspésie caribou.

Maintaining the integrity of the alpine tundra is also a great challenge. Trampling, erosion, and the presence of more competitive or invasive species are important conservation issues which require everyone’s participation.


Park Management Tools

To address conservation issues, it is imperative to know the territory well. All the information is compiled in the park’s Knowledge Synthesis, which brings together everything that is known about the territory’s natural environment and history. This document is updated periodically to incorporate all the new data from knowledge acquisition activities

To take concrete actions to enrich our knowledge and properly manage the environment, we set up the park’s conservation plan. It identifies and prioritizes all the conservation issues and the actions required to address the issues identified.

Finally, the park has a protection plan that identifies and frames the issues in terms of regulation enforcement.

Did you know?

Restoring for the sake of the caribou and for future generations as well

Although Parc national de la Gaspésie was created in 1937, it was logged from 1938 to the early 1980s. These exploitation operations have fragmented the territory and left their mark on it to this day. Tens of kilometres of old logging roads greatly facilitate the caribou's predators' quest for food and increase its vulnerability.

In order to mitigate the transformation and fragmentation of Gaspésie caribou habitat, the park has characterized, within its boundaries, a significant sample of former logging roads. This study has developed an intervention plan to properly erase past footprints. Road reforestation is a practice very rarely used in Québec. Parc national de la Gaspésie has therefore joined forces with the Fondation de la faune du Québec, the Ministère des Transports, and the Ministère de la Forêt, de la Faune et des Parcs to carry out this strategic conservation project.

To date, nearly 20 km of roads have been decompacted and reforested within the boundaries of Parc national de la Gaspésie. This action is identified in the Gaspésie caribou recovery plan and represents the only ecological restoration measure put forward to prevent the extinction of the last remaining wild caribou herd south of the St. Lawrence River.

Without the financial contribution of the ministries concerned and the Fondation de la faune du Québec, this important project to save the Gaspésie caribou would not have been possible.

Chemin-forestier
Credit: Aline Rohrbacher, Sépaq

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