Réserve faunique de Papineau-Labelle

Land-Use and Integrated Management

General presentation

Natural resource management on the territory of Réserve faunique de Papineau-Labelle is a responsibility of the government, more specifically of the Ministère de la Forêt, de la Faune et des Parcs (ministry of forests, wildlife, and parks, or MFFP) and the Ministère de l’Énergie et des ressources naturelles (ministry of energy and natural resources, or MERN). Given the specific nature of wildlife reserves, they were given a “multiple modulated" vocation under the government’s Plans d’affectation du territoire public régionaux (regional public land use plans, or RPLUP), a vocation defined as the “multipurpose use of land and resources, with procedures or rules adapted to specific environmental, landscape, cultural, social, or economic conditions” (our translation). In other words, the management and use of natural resources, including forests and wildlife, must be carried out in an integrated manner by the government, i.e. taking into account all resources on the territory as well as the legal vocation of conserving and showcasing the fauna of the wildlife reserve.

In this regard, the forest of Réserve faunique de Papineau-Labelle is exploited by designated holders of timber supply guarantees (DHTSG), i.e. forestry companies having a harvest agreement with the MFFP, based on forestry planning under the auspices of the MFFP since April 1, 2013. The Ministère is now in charge of developing tactical and operational integrated forest management plans (IFMP) at the scale of each management unit, taking into consideration, in particular, the allowable cut calculation carried out by the Chief Forester, work from local integrated resources tables and territory management tables (LIRTMT), the orientations and objectives pursued by the Government to the Regional Public Land Use Plans (PATP), the objectives of sustainable forest management as set out in the Law Sustainable Forest Management (LADTF), as well as the sustainable forest development objectives stipulated in the Sustainable Forest Development Act (SFDA). In the wake of this exercise, discussions are underway involving Sépaq, the MFFP, and representatives of forestry companies (DHTSG) aimed at integrating into forestry planning and interventions various measures or procedures designed to minimize conflicts of use and impacts on the wildlife and landscape, as well as on the environment in which recreational and wildlife-related activities are carried out in wildlife reserves.

In order to equip wildlife reserve managers in terms of integrated wildlife-forest-recreation forestry management and to guide the MFFP in harmonizing forestry planning for these unique territories so that the different types of forestry interventions are more predictable, better adapted, and more likely to help fulfil the particular vocation of wildlife reserves, Sépaq has carried out a number of so-called IRM (integrated resource management) projects.

Consult the list of completed projects (in French only)

Specific land-uses

To ensure the long-term sustainability of resources and to foster the rational use of its territory, Réserve faunique de Papineau-Labelle has invested a great deal of time and considerable amounts of money in acquiring knowledge and carrying out numerous wildlife development activities since 1998.

Aquatic Developments:

  • Over 60 furnished speckled trout spawning grounds
  • Lake trout spawning ground at Lac Ernest


Specific Issues

Réserve faunique de Papineau-Labelle consists of four exceptional forest eco-systems: the old-growth forests of Lac-de-l'Écluse, Lac-Gagnon, Lac-Devlin and Lac-Preston.

The old-growth forest of Lac-de-l'Écluse is an exceptional forest eco-stystem near the lake of the same name in Val-des-Bois, Outaouais. It shelters a sugar maple-yellow birch stand that has never been disturbed by fire, diseases or humans for several hundred years. Certain yellow birches are over 400 years old.

The old-growth forest of Lac-Gagnon is an exceptional forest system 2 km east of Lac Gagnon in Duhamel. This 58-hectare forest shelters a hemlock spruce - yellow birch stand that has not suffered any major disruptions for 400 years.

The old-growth forest of Lac-Devlin is a "virgin" eco-system that has never been developed or affected by severe natural disruptions for over 300 years. It is characterized by an abundance of dead wood and the remarkable size of some trees. Located less than 50 km west of Saint-Jovite, it is part of the western sugar maple-yellow birch stand and is dominated by deciduous species and certain coniferous species, such as the hemlock or the Eastern white cedar.

The old-growth forest of Lac-Preston is an exceptional forest eco-system between Lac Preston and Lac Marie-Le Franc in La Minerve. It shelters a sugar maple - linden and beech stand and a hemlock spruce-yellow birch stand that have not been disturbed for over 400 years.

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