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Fishing for dummies

Complete file

You want to learn to fish, but you don't know where to begin? You've come to the right place! We’ve prepared a complete file to help you become a real fishing expert. So, shall we cast off?  

Alex Béraud | © Sépaq

Step 1: get equipped

Regulations and licence

The first step to start your adventure is to purchase your fishing licence; it’s required before you can fish in Quebec. Hunting and fishing shops, outdoor shops, and many independent convenience stores sell them. There are various lengths and categories (1, 3 and 7 days, resident, non-resident, 65+, etc.), but a "regular" annual licence costs $24,12 and covers the period from April 1 of the current year to March 31 of the following year. You can also purchase your fishing license online

Once you have your licence, you will need to ensure that the fishing season is underway in the region where you wish to cast your first line. Generally, in the southern part of the province, the season runs from early May to late September. The ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs offers a useful tool to find out when fishing will be open on the lake where you want to fish and all the regulations pertaining to what you can (or cannot) catch there.


Here are our best tips on  how to gear up for less than $100.

Demystifying the jargon: terminology of fishing 101

Here, we'll answer the questions you’ve never dared to ask.

Lures, bait, spoons: what's the difference?

Bait, whether live or artificial, is used in angling to catch fish. The most common form of live bait is the proverbial earthworm, but you can also use the less celebrated leech. Lures are artificial. They're used to lure fish by imitating their favourite food.

The purpose of the spoon is to imitate the behaviour of a swimming fish. A spoon is used to attract the fish’s attention with its colour, reflection, and movement in the water. When fishing for trout, a spoon, combined with a worm, is the ideal technique for beginners.

And flies?

Fly fishing is practiced with artificial flies as lures and a silk fishing line. Artificial flies imitate larvae, insects, or small fish and are made from hair, feathers, and thread.

In André’s tackle box

We asked André Arteau, a Sépaq information technician who’s passionate about fishing, to share his favourite lures with us.

Here are six basic lures for your first tackle box. It would even appear that with these essentials, you'll be equipped for all situations, to fish not only for magnificent trout, but several other species as well.


Charles Boutin | © Sépaq

Plastic lure: Power Nymph

This flexible artificial bait is attached in the same way as an earthworm, i.e., impaled on your hook. It comes in several colours and works great for trout.

Charles Boutin | © Sépaq

Wobbler spoons: Toronto Wobbler and Lake Clear

The Toronto Wobbler is probably the most commonly used wobbler spoon for trout fishing. It’s available in a number of colours and sizes.

We should also mention the Lake Clear model, which is really a must for trout fishing. There's also a heavier version that works really well for deep water fishing.

Charles Boutin | © Sépaq

Swimbait: Yo-Zuri’s Pin’s Minnow

Pin’s Minnow is a swimbait-type lure that’s terrific for trout fishing but also does the trick for other species such as bass or pike. It's available in a number of colours and sizes. André prefers the silver colour and 2¾ inch (70 mm) length.

Did you know?

Swimbait-type lures are very useful for days when the fish are slow to bite or if you're on a lake where larger specimens tend to lurk. Big fish are mainly carnivorous and feed on small fish, conditions that make this type of lure very interesting indeed.

Charles Boutin | © Sépaq

Fly: Woolly Bugger variety

Although fly-type lures are fitted to fly rods, they can also be used on a light spinning rod as a replacement for the trusty earthworm or placed higher than the spoon to entice passing fish.

Woolly Bugger flies are very popular for trout fishing and can be used alone or in combination with a spoon.

Charles Boutin | © Sépaq

Others: Mepps Syclops spoons

Mepps Syclops spoons are available in all sorts of sizes and colours and work like a charm to hook various species such as speckled trout, lake trout, walleye, and pike. They can also be used for trolling at multiple speeds.

Checklist for printing and ticking

To complete your purchases and organize your day of fishing, here's a short checklist (in French only) of essentials to bring along with you.

Step 2: learn the basic techniques


How to hook an earthworm

There are several ways to hook a worm, and in this video, we present one such technique. Don't be afraid to get your hands dirty: the tried-and-true earthworm and spoon combination is a classic that works great for trout fishing! (Video in French only)

Where can I buy earthworms?

In all hunting and fishing outlets, in a number of hardware stores and outdoor stores, and often in convenience stores located near bodies of water.

How to store them?

It's important to store worms in an opaque container in a cool and well-ventilated place. When in a rowboat, keep them away from the sun. Worms can be stored in the refrigerator for up to one week.

What about leeches?

Leeches play exactly the same role as earthworms. They’re an equivalent form of bait, even if leeches are a little less popular. However, if you notice leeches in your waterway, they're likely the main food of the local fish! So they’re a good choice of bait to start your day.

How to choose a lure

A lure is artificial bait that imitates fish food. They come in all sizes, colours, weights, and textures. But how to choose the right one? Watch this video (in French only) to learn more.

How to cast your line

Light tackle jigging, otherwise known as spin fishing, is the technique that novice anglers use the most because it’s so accessible and easy to learn. There are also other techniques, such as trolling, longline fishing, and fly fishing.

Take a look at this video (in French only) to understand the basics of light tackle jigging.

Step 3: savour your catches

Because the pleasure of eating your fish is as important as landing them, we’re providing a list of our best tips and recipes for cooking your catches, to the eternal delight of your taste buds. 

Nancy Guignard | © Sépaq
Alex Béraud | © Sépaq
Nancy Guignard | © Sépaq
Nancy Guignard | © Sépaq

Step 4: dig a little deeper

You want to learn even more? Here are some additional readings: 

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